First aid tips - Shock
Shock is for sure a life-threatening condition which happen to a person when their body isn’t getting enough flow of blood.
When this happen the cells is not getting enough oxygen for it to fucntion properly, this can lead to damage of the vital organs like the brain and the heart.
Shock can be caused by anything that reduces the flow of blood, which can include the following:
- severe internal or external bleeding
- heart problems, such as a heart attack, or heart failure
- severe allergic reactions and severe infection
- loss of body fluids, from dehydration, diarrhoea, vomiting or burns
If a person has any of the above conditions, which can reduce the circulation or blood flow, they could develop shock, so you may need to treat them for this condition as well.
Sign to look for:
If you think somebody could be suffering from shock, there are seven key things to look for:
- Paleness of the face (pallor)
- Cold, clammy skin
- Loss of consciousness (in extreme cases)
- Fast, shallow breathing
- Fast, weak pulse
- Yawning or sighing
What can or need do:
- Call 999 or 112 for medical help and state the person your seeing to in shock, and explain what you think caused it (such as accident injury, bleeding or a heart attack).
- Lay the person down with their head low and legs raised and supported, to increase the flow of blood to their head.
- Loosen any tight clothing around the neck, chest and waist to make sure it doesn’t constrict their blood flow
- When a person goes in shock Fear and pain can make shock worse, by increasing the body’s demand for oxygen, so while you wait for help to arrive, it’s important to keep them comfortable, warm and calm. Do this by covering them with a coat or blanket and comforting and reassuring them
- Monitor their breathing, pulse and level of response.
- If they lose consciousness at any point, open their airway, check their breathing, and prepare to treat someone who has become unconscious
SEE UNCONSCIOUS CASUALTY