What is CPR ?
CPR, Cardio (Heart) Pulmonary (Lungs) Resuscitation (Revival) is an emergency life saving procedure that is performed on people whose heart has stopped. By pressing on the casualties chest and blowing into their mouth the rescuer is trying to keep the heart pumping and oxygen flowing around the body until an ambulance arrives.
CPR can increases the casualty's chances of survival, without oxygen the brain can only survive about 5 minutes before permanent damage sets in. It also helps to keep the heart in a state where it is better placed to respond to defibrillation. Every second counts: After a cardiac arrest, every minute without CPR and defibrillation reduces someone's chance of survival by 10 per cent. Here in the UK the most common cause of an adult who has collapsed and stopped breathing is that they have had a heart attack, which has then caused their heart to stop (cardiac arrest).
Nevertheless you can perform CPR on people who have drowned, who have experienced a drug overdose as well as on choking casualties when back slaps and abdominal thrusts have not work and the casualty has collapsed. CPR can also be performed on children and infants although the protocol is altered slightly.
Recently (2010) the European and UK Resuscitation Council updated the CPR guidelines slightly to increase the depth and rate of compressions as it is effective chest compressions, which make the most difference. The guidelines still include using rescue breaths, only if this is not possible or if you don't want to give breaths then compression or hands-only CPR can be performed and will still make a difference.
I want to do a First Aid Course
Response First Courses run every week, see what you want to do and book in for a session We run courses in the NorthWest for individuals to attend or we can also come to your workplace and run a course for your group. See Onsite Training for details: